የዮሐንስ ወንጌል ትርጓሜ /5/ Commentary on Gospel of John /5/

The Purpose of the Gospel of John

John’s five books have a similar and perpetual theme. Their similarity being all talk about the very beginning of everything; about the eternal beginning of the Word, the very first Disciples, the beginnings of the end of times. Their consistency being their theme’s foundation is love. The Gospel is all about God’s love, the epistles focus on revelation of God’s love through agape, and the revelation about the very foundation of the beginning and end of the world being love. Their theme symbolizes life and truth in light. Life and truth are not of a flesh; rather they are gifts of God in which we partake in eternal joy. That life and that truth is the Son of God Jesus Christ. The purpose of John’s Gospel is summed up as, “ But these are written that you may believe that Jesus is the Messiah, the Son of God, and that by believing you may have life in His name” /John 21:31/.

To say Jesus Christ is the Son of God is to say He is God by Nature. As we are begotten from a human being, our Lord Jesus Christ is begotten of the Father. In the Gospel, John explains the Son of God:

1.       Its reveals the love between the Father and the Son. “No man has seen God at any time, the only begotten Son, which is in the bosom of the Father, he has declared Him” /John 1:18/ the word bosom explains two things; love and inseparableness. God the Father and God the Son have been together without separation eternally.

2.       God the Father and God the Son are coequal and coeternal. When our Lord Jesus Christ says He is the Son of the Father, He is telling us that they are coequal. “Therefore the Jews sought the more to kill him, because He not only had broken the Sabbath, but said also that God was His Father, making himself equal with God.” /John 5:18/ For a Jew to say God is his/her Father is a matter of slogan, nothing new. But what drove them to seek after and kill Jesus was because Jesus was entailing; He and the Father are coequal.

3.       Jesus Christ being the Son of the Father has a far more sacred meaning than the normal Jew slogan of saying God is my Father. Jesus didn’t say ‘our Father’ including everyone, rather He said ‘My Father’ & ‘your Father’. “…I ascend unto my Father and your Father…” /John 20:17/. We all are God’s children by grace, gift and ‘adoption’. Christ’s Sonship of the Father is by nature.

Furthermore, the following key points explain the difference;

1.       Our sonship is of God the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit /Trinity/. “The Father” the father/Romans 8:15/, ‘The Son’ the father /Isaiah 9:6/ and ‘The Holy Spirit’ the father /John 3:5/.  We are born of God (The Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit). However, the Son is born of only the Father. In His Personal attribute in the Holy Trinity, the Father begets the Son, Jesus Christ.  

2.       Our sonship of the Holy Trinity doesn’t keep us from being a creation. But Jesus Christ’s Sonship makes Him coequal with the Father. His Sonship makes Him to receive worship but our sonship dictates us to present worship. These days, there are some wrong teachings. It has become common to hear, “Jesus is a Son and so we are, we are no different from Him as far as sonship to God. We have as much power.” Not only that, some say, Jesus became the Son after His birth in Bethlehem. All these resonates the difficulty amongst many in understanding the difference between our sonship and our Lord’s Sonship.

The one who is from eternal ‘Word’ of God is eternally the Son of God. Truly, the Gospel of John was written so we believe Jesus Christ is the Son of God and so we may have eternal life. May God protect us from any wrong teachings of our time.